Care should be taken in cross referencing data for projects that depend on diverse formats. Data should be maintained and secured in such a way that permits confirmation of research findings, establishes priority, and can be reanalyzed by other researchers.
When mentors accept trainees, they assume responsibility for assuring that the persons under their supervision are appropriately and properly trained. Records should identify when experiments were done and by whom. In recording data, follow two simple rules to avoid problems later should questions arise about your work: The number of publications to be reviewed at times of faculty appointment or promotion should be limited in order to encourage and reward bibliographies containing substantive publications rather than those including a large number of insubstantial or fragmented reports.
The editing of manuscripts alone does not constitute adequate supervision by the preceptor. In the specific case of federally funded research, research data must be available in response to Freedom of Information Act FOIA requests unless there are compelling reasons for confidentiality.
Samples should be appropriately saved so they will not degrade over time. It is essential, therefore, to encourage an atmosphere of mutual respect, collegiality, fairness and trust. Authorship credit for original, research-based works in any medium may be based on 1 substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2 drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3 sufficient participation in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content; and 4 final approval of the version to be published.
Supervision of Students, Postdoctoral Fellows, and Other Research Personnel The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is committed to fostering an environment that promotes academic and professional success for all research personnel.
The degree of supervision by preceptors should take into account the experience and skill of the trainees. For particular research projects, supervision should be carried out by the responsible investigator; overall supervision of each student or fellow must be assigned to a faculty advisor.
A preceptor should help the trainee develop not only good research practices and technical expertise, but also good research ethics. The inability to produce original data tends to place the integrity of research in question.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data for example, from a fee-for-service core facilityor general supervision of the research group e.
Machine print-outs or other primary data e. Hard-copy evidence should be entered into a numbered, bound notebook so that there is no question later about the date the experiment was run, the order in which data were collected, or the results achieved.
Other Federal granting agencies as well as many non-federal sponsors have adopted similar standards. Authorship credit for reviews or commentaries not based in original research should be based on conditions 2, 3 and 4.
The rules and recommendations in this section are designed to ensure that all research data are recorded appropriately and that access to them will be available when necessary.
Academic Integrity Yale and the federal government define academic misconduct as the falsification or fabrication of data, plagiarism, or gross negligence in the conduct, proposing or reporting of research. Preceptors should familiarize trainees and other research personnel with relevant governmental and institutional requirements for conduct of studies involving healthy volunteers or patients, animals, radioactive or other hazardous substances, and recombinant DNA.
The Director of the Division of Research Integrity is available to discuss suspicions in confidence; notification of the Director of the Division of Research Integrity does not necessarily result in the immediate commencement of the inquiry process.
It is becoming more common for research subjects and other entities that are the source of data to seek some control over the data derived from them. The principal investigator should create an environment conducive to unbiased analysis of all data without intentional or unintentional pressure to support a particular hypothesis.
Responsible handling of data begins with proper storage and protection from accidental damage, loss, or theft: For individual research projects, supervision should be carried out by the responsible investigator; overall supervision of each student or fellow must be assigned to a faculty advisor or program director.
Within a research unit, responsibility for supervision of each student, fellow, or other non-faculty member must be assigned to a specific faculty member.
Copies are available from the Office of the Registrar of the School of Medicine. Making minor revisions to an article or manuscript that is ghost-written does not justify authorship.
Recommendations The ratio of trainees to faculty members should be commensurate with ability to adequately supervise and ensure that close interaction is possible for scientific interchange as well as for supervision at all stages of research.
In most cases ownership provisions must be approved by the institution that receives and is responsible for the administration of research funds.Responsible conduct of research (RCR) includes most of the professional activities that are part and parcel of a research career.
As defined by federal agencies, RCR encompasses the following nine areas. Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) The responsible and ethical conduct of research (RCR) is critical for excellence, as well as public trust, in science and engineering.
Consequently, education in RCR is considered essential in the preparation of future scientists and engineers.
Yale University is committed to the conduct of research and research training activities in a scientifically responsible and ethical manner. The Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training is a part of funding requirements for both the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundations (NSF).
See below for additional information on who must complete.
Apr 11, · Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) - NIH Intramural Resources Guidelines for the Conduct of Research In the Intramural Program at NIH Guidelines for Scientific Record Keeping in NIH Intramural Labs. Guidelines for the Responsible Conduct of Research: Ethics and the Publication Process Committee on Research Integrity and Publication Practices.
1 guidelines for the responsible conduct of research revised: july office of research integrity cathedral of learningDownload