How to do references for research papers

Each additional line of each entry should be indented a reasonable amount. Furthermore, if you use figures, illustrations, or graphical material, either directly or in modified form, that you did not yourself create or design, you need to acknowledge the sources of those figures.

Magazine Article Essinger, J. The required format meets the accepted practices cited in Li and Cranea reference that is currently considered the best authority on citing electronic sources.

A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. The rules are described in more detail, with examples, in section 3. Such a source would be omitted from your References Cited or Bibliography section.

Are there any ethical issues regarding the paper that would disqualify it as a good source? As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks http: WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. There are a few variations, especially with electronic information, but they all follow the same basic structure.

Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. End with a period.

You will therefore be expected to use the format set out below. Be careful about citing old references. Title When citing the name of a journal, magazine or newspaper, write the name in italics, with all words capitalized except for articles, prepositions and conjunctions.

Similarly, the references you cite should support the story building you create in your research paper. Date Enclose the date in parentheses. Format of Citations and References 1. If there are two references by the same author s for the same year, use letters after the year: When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon.

Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers The following apply to citing the name and identifying information for journals, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals in general.

Hard and natural sciences more frequently cited recent literature while social sciences and math were likely to include older sources.

Term Paper: Format of Citations and References

Use a date sufficiently specific for the item. Sargeant1 or Sargeant [1] Although most word processors provide an automatic system of doing this, the added complexity, and the way that it makes the paper unwieldy for the reader, means that it is falling out of fashion.

In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course. Additionally, as a general rule, only provide reference entries for sources that were specifically cited or mentioned in your paper. If there is a subtitle, it too should begin with a capital letter.

For example Sargeant et al. After all, references are meant to enhance your paper while still maintaining your research as the focal point.DO NOT USE FOOTNOTES: Footnoting, although commonly done in books and other literary writing, is only rarely done in journal style papers.

Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above.

Citing References in Scientific Research Papers

Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. In qualitative research papers, you may have fewer references. Anything you cite in your paper should be listed in the references section. Anything listed as a reference should have been quoted or paraphrased in the text.

The reference page is a crucial element of your research paper; it helps you prevent plagiarism, and it proves you did your research.

By providing publication information about the sources that helped you write your paper, the reference page both grants proper credit to other researchers and demonstrates your own scholarly diligence, thereby inducting.

Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field. It is perfectly acceptable to quote the work of others and, in fact, it is essential that you do so.

Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory.

These can serve as appropriate references for research reports and term papers. It is important, however, to acknowledge the sources of these documents, even though you may never have seen "hard copy" (printed versions) of the file(s) you wish to cite.

How to do references for research papers
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