Premise 1 states that there are contingent beings, and premise 2 if a contingent being exist, then a necessary being must exist. McCloskey states that theists are more concerned with the cause of the entire creation theory, and that there must be a first cause, a creator who not only created everything, but continues to operate in the universe.
I prefer to use the example of the GPS system of an automobile.
A defender of the teleological argument can argue that the evolution process only happens as it does because of the laws of nature.
Rejecting the cosmological argument, implies that one is taking a view such as pantheism which holds that God is not a personal being or maybe not a being of any kind, or take a naturalist view which most atheist hold, which causes them not to believe in any supernatural realm beyond nature.
McCloskey moves on to suggest that there is nothing about this universe that makes one believe that a necessarily existing being had to exist. He believes that atheism is a much more comfortable belief versus having a belief in God who allows the suffering of innocent persons so that He could get the glory out of their lives and ultimately achieve the ultimate good.
They may not have a natural reason for existing but are necessary. Christians in particular, do not just take one argument and try to establish truth; we gather evidence, whether subjective or objective, and base our understanding on it.
McCloskey comments on this by saying that so many of the things that existed before the evolution that were once construed as proof of design and purpose, has now been seen as nothing of the sort. The evolution argument does not lessen the theory of a beneficial order, what it does is increase our awareness of the fact that it took a designer to put all of these natural laws in order, they could not have just happened on their own.
A necessary being is the only being that exist which requires no further explanation. He goes on to say that there is no proof that the universe has evidence or indisputable examples of design and purpose. Theists, according to McCloskey, uses the cosmological, teleological, and the argument from design, as different proofs to support their claim, but theist uses coherence in their arguments, those beliefs that relate mutually together to support their argument regarding the existence of God.
If we were to observe objects around us in the universe, one would wonder if they had to exist. There must be a tracking device that keeps up with your every move so that if you make a wrong turn, the tracking device is able to signal that incorrect turn, and direct you in the correct way.
Both point to a universal order and a divine creator, but the teleological argument, often referred to as the argument from design, proposes to exhibit a purposeful order in the universe.
They believe that things just exist on their own. Coherence is important in the life of a theist because their beliefs cohere together to form knowledge of belief in God. Most times there are other underlying reasons for belief in God.
Without the accuracy of the tracking device, nothing about the system would work. What this shows is that it took a designer to make something of this nature to work, just as it took design and purpose for the universe to have causal affect.
He also goes on to add that evolution has displaced the need for a designer. In essence, there is no explanation for the existence of a contingent being, unless a necessary being exists.
As Evans points out, contingency would be the term used to pulled this argument together.
There must be evidence of something about the universe that lends support to the claim that it indeed had a cause and that cause was God.Response Paper Mccloskey Article Clark Hernanser PHIL February 24, Ramon Graces Response Paper Mccloskey Article In his article, On Being an Atheist, H.J.
McCloskey tried to show that atheism is a more reasonable and comfortable belief than that of Christianity. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Phil Response On Being Atheist. Tag: response. Posted on August 25, August 25, On Being a Theist. The following is a paper I wrote for my Philosophy class at Liberty University in response to a popular article written by an atheist.
On Being a Theist InH. J. McCloskey wrote an article titled “On Being an Atheist” which gives his personal reasons for. View Essay - PHIL Response mi-centre.com from PHIL at Liberty University. Running Head: A RESPONSE TO ON BEING AN ATHEIST A Response to On Being an Atheist Gabrielle Smith Liberty.
Phil response paper on being an atheist 1. The link to downloadPHIL Response Paper "On Beingan Atheist"Having completed the unit of philosophy of religion, you are now ready torespond to an article written by an actual atheist.
Phil Response Paper Mccloskey Article. Response Paper Mccloskey Article Clark Hernanser PHIL February 24, Ramon Graces Response Paper Mccloskey Article In his article, On Being an Atheist, H.J.
McCloskey tried to show that atheism is a more reasonable and comfortable belief than that of Christianity.Download