Writing a literature review tutorial

However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.

If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.

When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.

Identify the literature that you will review: Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and writing a literature review tutorial your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles.

Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis Step 7: How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it.

Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.

This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.

Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.

These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read." Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument.

However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.

A search on Google will retrieve numerous guides and tutorials focused on researching and writing literature reviews. Some are general, i.e. not subject nor level specific while others focus on literature reviews in a specific discipline and/or on a particular level, i.e.

undergraduate, graduate. After finishing this tutorial, you will (1) have an understanding of the basic concepts of a literature review, (2) have checklists you can use to help you create a literature review, (3) have an example of a literature review, and (4) know how to.

Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students. What is a literature review? What purpose does it serve in research?

What should you expect when writing one? Find out here Video tag not supported. Download the video here.

Transcript to this video. Credits. Eleanor Smith.

Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students.

Interactive tutorial for literature reviews in Education & Behavioral Sciences Need Help Writing the Literature Review? VCU's Writing Center consultants can help you plan, develop, and organize your literature review and a follow-up appointment will help you edit, proofread, and revise it.

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Writing a literature review tutorial
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